, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Arthur’s court 

-Arthur; historical king, c. 500 

-Bedwyr; traditionally known as the butler, he was one-armed. Bedwyr may very well have served the same function as Cei at a different period of Arthur’s career

-Calogrenant; translation “Cei the Grumbler”, a doublet of Cei 

-Cei; possibly historical, he would have been the king’s champion who tested all those hoping to be Arthur’s warriors

-Ector; A borrowing from the Iliad’s Hector

-Erec; Welsh Gereint, the eponymous ruler of Guerec 

-Gawain; Welsh Gwalchmai, eponymous ruler of Galloway

-Guinevere; Welsh Gwenhwyfar, a version of the hag/beauty who stood as a symbol for the land a king ruled

-Hoel; Welsh Hywel, a Breton king who could not possibly have fought side by side with Arthur

-Lancelot; late-twelfth century creation of Chretien de Troyes

-Lot; A king of the Lothian region he is therefore an eponymous ruler

-Meleagant; Welsh Melwas. The word means prince-lad, suggesting the name was more a title

-Merlin; Welsh Myrddin, a warrior who survived the Battle of Arfderydd in the late sixth century only to disappear into the forests of Scotland and become a wildman. Legend has it he reappeared to Kentigern only to prophecy his death and disappear again. His accuracy gave rise to the legend of Merlin the Sorcerer

-Mordred; Welsh Modred, a leader who fought in the battle of Camlann with Arthur, whether with or against him

-Morgan le Fay; Morgan was the name of Arthur’s armorer. The sorceress may originally have been a goddess such as Morrigan or a sprite known as a Morgen

-Pelles/Pellinore/Beli Mawr; traditionally one, two, or three men associated with the grail king; the name derives from Belatacudros, a fertility god worshipped around Hadrian’s Wall

-Perceval; Welsh Peredur, or seeker. Likely a title for a matriarchal cult hunter or witch hunter

-Tristan; prehistoric or possibly a mythical Pictish king 

-Vivian/Ninian; Likely a feminization of Uinniau or Ninian, a saint who lived in Galloway during the middle of the sixth century 

-Yvain; Welsh Owain, traditionally the son of Urien or Rion, he was the son of one of the most famous kings in British history and a powerful king in his own right. His inclusion into the Arthurian orbit was likely early in the development of the Arthurian corpus