After the passed few weeks, speaking of learning, medicine, and peasant life, I thought it might be interesting to take a closer look at the tools used by a Medieval populace. So, the format is tool name, explanation (where needed), and picture. My illustrations invariably came from the two links below.
Auger: A bit attached to a handle used to drill holes in wood for pegs by working the tool in a circle.
Brace: An auger that makes the smallest holes.
Broad or Square axe: A broad head used for square timber and precise work in shipbuilding; made of iron but has steel strips.
Chisel: Shaped like a broad axe with a fish tail to cut along the grain of wood.
Bone Weaving Card: A flat, square piece with a hole at each corner used in in tablet weaving.
Bow or Crosscut Saw: Shaped like a heavily reinforced bow, it was designed for cutting against the grain of wood; the blade was of curved iron or steel.
Brass Pot Nails
Clothespins: Inflexible tool carved out of a bone.
Felling axe: The head is smaller and only slightly larger than the connection to the wood used for chopping down trees; made of iron but has steel strips.
Fish Hook: made of bone much like the basic modern model.
Gimet: Smaller version of an auger.
Gouge: A Chisel with carved edges used for drilling wedges.
Hammer: Made of iron, used to pound nails into wood.
Harpoon Point: The barbs designed to keep the head in place.
Mallets: Made of wood, they were used to pound pegs into wood.
Needle for needle binding: Made of bone they looked identical to their modern counterparts.
Pincer: A pair of pliers with thicker, heavier grips used for working with metals.
Plane: A Chisel placed in a wooden block.
Pliers: Much like modern pliers, but more narrow in the grip and the handle.
Ripsaw: A blade attached to a square of wood, it was designed to cut with the grain; the blade was of curved iron or steel.
Roman Stylus: Used for writing on a wax writing block. The point was the pen, the fan an eraser.
Scissors: Two sheers attached with a malleable piece of metal that connects the two.
Screwdriver: These all had flat tip with a ring handle
Square Pot Nails:
Utility Knife: Looks like a perry knife, used for daily living.
Wax Writing Block: An erasable book, likely often used for practice in writing.
Utensils of wood and horn
Bowls, plates, and cups of wood, pottery, and horn
Pans, kettles, and teapots of iron on tripods or with long handles to cook